Sunday, June 5, 2011

Smallest Chinese characters seek prosperity

Chinese bond issued by the Provincial Government of Kwang-Tung
Double-click image to enlarge

Early Kwang-Tung government needed funds for prosperity
During the imperial Qing dynasty, 1644-1912, the city of Canton emerged as one of the of the world's great trading ports under the Thirteen Factories. With the formation of the Republic of China in 1912, the Qing dynasty came to an end. 
At the end of 1912, the Provincial Government of Kwang-Tung, today's Guangdong province, issued an 8% prize bearing loan of 10 million dollars for the development of local industries. The proceeds of the loan were to be utilised only for schemes which will likely create wealth, such as
  • the remodelling of the city of Canton, presently named Guangzhou
  • the reclamation of the Kupper Island, and
  • the improvement and expansion of the industrial enterprises taken in hand by the Kwang-Tung Government 

The bonds were issued in 3 classes : 
  • whole bonds, with a value of 10 Dollars
  • 2 half bonds, with a value of 5 Dollars each
  • 5 1/5th of a bonds, with a value of 2 Dollars each 

The first prize was a prize of 30,000 Dollars. The Dollar mentioned, is presumably the local Silver Dollar. The bond shown here belongs to the last class of 2 Dollars. The reverse clearly states " .. 1/5 Whole Bond to draw 1/5 Whole Prize .. "

The rear of the certificate is made up in English (double-click for details).

A small certificate issued. 
Of course there is a lot to tell about the historical context of this bond. But actually, I was charmed by its dimensions. Small is actually an understatement :
  • size of the full sheet, including the coupons: 25 cm x 14 cm
  • size of the actual bond, measured along the green borders: 6.5 cm x 14 cm.
  • height of the tiniest Chinese characters : 1 millimeter

Details from the front (left) and the rear (right).
Chinese characters : height 1 mm
English letters : height 0.5 mm 

European or American bond certificates, issued for funding improvement works and economic development are usual much larger and use far more larger and excessive fonts for the purpose. That's why at first sight this bond looks unusual. However, most local Chinese loan issues of that period are small in size and sober in implementation. And is there not a saying Less is More

Do you know of smaller bonds ?

Antique bond certificate from China issued by Provincial Government of Kwang-Tung


  1. Attention,

    We receive your email and I want you to understand that we are going to start the loan transfer processing immediately with the India Government IMF for your loan transfer approval and we will notify you once we receive an update from them.

    That you are going to start your loan monthly repayment 5-Months after receiving the funds. The Company Account will be given to you where the Monthly repayment will going to.

    According to the India Financial Security Authority Service, is that every loan must be registered with the India Government IMF because of the India Government Policy, every Loan must be secure and protected against scam act and illegal activities and the LOAN BORROWER is to be responsible for for Loan Registration cost/charges with the India Government IMF Department for the registration of the loan amount as to build trust and understanding with the Loan Lending Company for future transactions purpose and that He/She is going to Pay back the Loan when given.

    You need to understand the purpose of the loan registration with the IMF of India for funds approval, and that is the only loan charges and your loan will be Approved for transfer without any delay.

    Kindly let us know if the above is okay by you so that we can proceed with your loan transaction for the transfer of 700,000.00Naira to you without any delay.

    Kind regards/Respect.
    Dr. Mohamed Alli.
    Phone: +91-9811264946.
    Whatsapp: +91-9821024828.

  2. My Brothers and Sister all over the world, I am Mrs Boo Wheat from Canada ; i was in need of loan some month ago. i needed a loan to open my restaurant and bar, when one of my long time business partner introduce me to this good and trustful loan lender DR PURVA PIUS that help me out with a loan, and is interest rate is very low , thank God today. I am now a successful business woman, and I became useful. In the life of others, I now hold a restaurant and bar. And about 30 workers, thank GOD for my life I am leaving well today a happy father with three kids, thanks to you DR PURVA PIUS Now I can take care of my lovely family, i can now pay my bill. I am now the bread winner of my family. If you are look for a trustful and reliable loan leader. You can Email him via,mail ( Please tell him Mrs Boo Wheat from Canada introduce you to him Thanks.