- Title: Russia The Imperial Loans
- Author : A. Kulo
- ID : ISBN 9949-10-357-6, published by International Estonian Philatelic Society (IEPS), 2004
- Languages : English
- Number of pages : 287
- Images : 200 large black and white images
- Index : no index but certificates are chronologically ordered in each chapter
In the 18th century, empress Catherine II succeeded in obtaining a foreign loan with the cooperation of the Dutch banking company Hope & Co. Thereby, Catherine managed to cover budget deficits without internal loans. Because of the wars with Turkey (1806-1812) and Sweden (1808-1809) and a rising inflation, Alexander I needed more finances and means of obtaining credit. On 2 February 1810 the government adopted 'The Financial Plan" which soon led to the introduction of internal loans.
|Russian Imperial eagle|
detail: 2e Russ. 5% Inner. Anleihe mit praemien-verloos., 1866
- Part I Dutch Loans
- Part II Imperial Loans
- Part III Interest Notes
- Appendix with price guide
In this work, author, Ants Kulo gives an overview of more than 200 Russian Imperial loans. The external and internal loans from the book span the period 1769-1917. Valuations in the price guide are expressed in USD (2003).
A valuable addition for collectors interested in Russia's state securities and imperial history.
You migh want to read more about the Russian Imperial eagle, see here .